ISBN 13: 9780752441863
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Brand new Book. Seller Inventory AA New copy - Usually dispatched within 2 working days. Seller Inventory B Seller Inventory Book Description Tempus, Dust Jacket Condition: New. Featuring a vintage sepia photo, with superimposed 'bloody fingerprints'. This work looks at famous cases such as the Ripper murders and the beginnings of the Special Branch and Detective Branch of Scotland Yard.
This history covers various aspects of crime history, including the career of Jim 'the Penman' Saward, a notorious forger, and more. Help Centre.
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Track My Order. My Wishlist Sign In Join. Be the first to write a review. Add to Wishlist. Ships in 7 to 10 business days. Link Either by signing into your account or linking your membership details before your order is placed. If the problem was a moral one then, leaving offenders alone with their thoughts and their bibles, requiring them to work thus learning of work's virtues , and providing them with occasional visits by the chaplain, was perceived as the way to their reformation.
By the end of the century, as the understanding of the criminal changed, the doctor and the psychiatrist had become at least as important as the chaplain.
In addition, Victorian liberal ideas of improvement and philanthropy began to feed into penal policy. Sir Edmund Du Cane, a former officer of the Royal Engineers who had stamped his domineering personality on prison management as Chairman of the Prison Commissioners for nearly 20 years, resigned, and the Gladstone Committee published its report confirming the shift to a new, more liberal penal policy.
In comparative perspective, however, this liberalism presents an interesting paradox. England had low murder rates in comparison with much of Europe, especially southern Europe, yet while many European governments were removing the death penalty, the abolition movement in England remained small and lacking in influence. Similarly, unlike many of their continental European neighbours, the English clung to corporal punishment as a penal sanction until well into the twentieth century.
Victorian policeman, c. True to Victorian class perceptions, Holmes solved his cases through the mighty deductive powers of his intellect, running rings around the simple, and lower class, officers of the police.
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But then detective policing had never figured prominently in the role of the new police forces that were established in England during the nineteenth century. For a long time detective police officers, working in plain-clothes, were seen as symptomatic of an intrusive system of spies and surveillance that was considered the hallmark of continental, especially French, police forces, and something that had no place in England.
The English police took the prevention of crime as their watchword. The assumption was that the unskilled, working-class constable, patrolling his beat, usually at night, at a regulation two-and-a-half miles an hour, would deter offenders.
In some instances it probably did, but it is always difficult to measure the extent and success of prevention. Studying the history of crime and criminal justice in a society can tell us much about that society. The Victorians' perception of criminal offenders was linked closely with their perception of the social order in respect of both class and gender. Most offenders brought before the courts came from the working class. It did not matter that their offences were generally petty compared with the frauds committed by middle-class businessmen, it was the mass of petty offenders who provided the data for the image of 'the criminal'.
Most offenders brought before the courts were male. This suited Victorian perceptions of the separate spheres, and ensured that women brought before the courts, especially for violent offences, tended to be treated more harshly than men.
The Ascent of the Detective: Police Sleuths in Victorian and Edwardian England
Not only had they transgressed the law, they had also transgressed the perceptions of womanhood. Recidivism was more serious among women probably because it was more difficult for a woman to live down the shame of a criminal conviction.
Whether the Victorians were right to think that crime was in decline must remain an open question. But, the periodic panics over sensational crimes like 'garrotting' and the murders of Jack the Ripper, aside, perhaps they generally slept better than their descendants.
Plain Clothes And Sleuths: A History Of Detectives In Britain by Stephen Wade
Detailing the darker side of London life for the last years, the London Dungeons include a section on Jack the Ripper and Victorian crime. Tel: The West Midlands Police Museum houses a wide range of pictures, information and items to show the development of policing in and around Birmingham.
The home of the greatest Victorian sleuth, faithfully preserved as it would have been in the nineteenth century.